In 1973, when Project Tiger was launched to save the tiger, Kanha was one of the nine reserves selected for the project. It is prime tiger country and is the project's star success story.
Kanha is one of India's largest national parks, covering 1945 km², and is located in the Maikal Hills of the Satpura Hills range in the south eastern part of the state of Madhya Pradesh. The Park has beautiful areas of sal forests, large bamboo stretches and lush green meadows.
The Park has a large population of tiger, as well as a significant number of leopard, sloth bear and Indian wild dog. The most abundant prey species is the spotted deer, or chital. Other species that may be encountered include the three-striped palm squirrel, jackal, wild pig, black buck, striped hyena, mouse deer, chinkara and ant-eating pangolin. However, Kanha's exceptional success story is that of the hardwater barasingha, or swamp deer, which populate the large open tracts of grass amidst the teak and bamboo forests. A highly endangered species, the barasingha is thriving within Kanha, where strict measures are in place to protect this rare mammal. With over 200 recorded bird species, the Park is also a bird watcher paradise.
Kanha National Park is one of the largest and most scenic wildlife sanctuaries in India. Lush sal and bamboo forests are interspersed with grassy meadows and rocky ravines. Vast meadows known as maidans occur amidst the mixed forest and provide exceptional grasses for grazing. Perennial streams run through a number of these meadows, providing a water source even in the hot summers. The Banjaar River forms the Park's southwestern boundary and the plateau of Bamhni Dadr rises high above the dense forests. While the lowland forests are a mixture of sal and other forest trees, the highland thickets are made up of deciduous growth, with bamboo often occurring on the slopes. The striking Indian ghost tree, or kullu, can be seen among the dense growth.
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